cytochrome b6f inhibitor

2018 Feb 28;3(1):e00538-17. Epub 2004 Aug 27. Cytochrome b6 arginine 214 of Synechococcus sp. 2015 Aug;125(1-2):65-94. doi: 10.1007/s11120-015-0094-0. The drug is active against the yeast enzyme with an IC 50 (inhibitor concentration required for 50% inhibition of cytochrome c reductase activity) of 3–5 nM, although it is a somewhat weaker inhibitor of the bovine cytochrome bc 1 (IC 50 200–250 nM). Previously [Roberts, A. G., and Kramer, D. M. (2001) Biochemistry 40, 13407−13412], we showed that 2 equiv of the quinone analogue 2,5-dibromo-3-methyl-6-isopropylbenzoquinone (DBMIB) could occupy the Qo site of the cytochrome (cyt) b6f complex simultaneously. Inhibition of cytochrome P450 (CYP450) enzymes. 2006 Jan 3;103(1):69-74. doi: 10.1073/pnas.0504909102. COVID-19 is an emerging, rapidly evolving situation. From the ‡ Centro di Studio del C.N.R. Activated Q-cycle as a common mechanism for cytochrome bc1 and cytochrome b6f complexes. NLM Photochem Photobiol. Nelson ME, Finazzi G, Wang QJ, Middleton-Zarka KA, Whitmarsh J, Kallas T. J Biol Chem. See Figure 1 for a schematic of this process. A native structure of the cytochrome b 6 f complex with improved resolution was obtained from crystals of the complex grown in the presence of divalent cadmium. Cytochrome P450 inhibitors inhibit the ability of the human body to break down certain substances, potentially increasing the amount of time a substance is active in the body.. A proposed pathway of proton translocation through the bc complexes of mitochondria and chloroplasts.  |  NIH Identifying selective inhibitors of cytochrome P450 isoforms is a useful tool in defining the role of individual cytochrome P450s in the metabolism process. As much as two-thirds of the proton gradient used for transmembrane free energy storage in oxygenic photosynthesis is generated by the cytochrome b 6 f complex. Epub 2015 Feb 14. Biochemistry. The mnemonic CRAP GPs can be used to easily remember common cytochrome P450 inhibitors. The cytochrome b 6 f complex exists as a dimer, with each monomer possessing four small hydrophobic subunits and four large subunits: 2010 Dec;1797(12):1858-68. doi: 10.1016/j.bbabio.2010.07.008. 2001 Mar 30;276(13):9770-4. doi: 10.1074/jbc.M010092200. Structure-function of the cytochrome b6f complex. EMBO J. Under some conditions, this can be fatal. Therefore these mutations made the cytochrome bf complex more like the cytochrome bc(1) complex. 1993 Jun;25(3):233-44. doi: 10.1007/BF00762585. Intraprotein transfer of the quinone analogue inhibitor 2,5-dibromo-3-methyl-6-isopropyl-p-benzoquinone in the cytochrome b6f complex. Biochim Biophys Acta. HHS Some have been commercialized as fungicides (the strobilurin derivatives, best known of which is azoxystrobin ; QoI inhibitors) and as anti-malaria agents ( atovaquone ). Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. Please enable it to take advantage of the complete set of features! Inverted-region electron transfer as a mechanism for enhancing photosynthetic solar energy conversion efficiency. We have investigated the relationship between the occupancy of the Q(o) site in the cytochrome b(6)f complex and the activation of the LHCII protein kinase that controls state transitions.  |  Cytochrome c is a soluble protein and also is a mobile carrier. Please enable it to take advantage of the complete set of features! Light-Harvesting Complex Stress-Related Proteins Catalyze Excess Energy Dissipation in Both Photosystems of Physcomitrella patens. This site needs JavaScript to work properly. In the future it will allow searching outside these boundaries. Measurements of flash-induced and steady-state electron transfer rates through the cytochrome bf complex revealed increased resistance to DBMIB in the mutants A154G and S159A, increased resistance to stigmatellin in A154G, and created sensitivity to myxothiazol in the mutant D148G. 2004 Oct 22;279(43):44621-7. doi: 10.1074/jbc.M406955200. Induction events and short-term regulation of electron transport in chloroplasts: an overview. Get the latest public health information from CDC: https://www.coronavirus.gov, Get the latest research information from NIH: https://www.nih.gov/coronavirus, Find NCBI SARS-CoV-2 literature, sequence, and clinical content: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/sars-cov-2/. Single amino acid substitutions in cytochrome b(6) at the positions D148, A154, and S159 revealed altered binding of the quinol-oxidation inhibitors 2,5-dibromo-3-methyl-6-isopropyl-p-benzoquinone (DBMIB), myxothiazol, and stigmatellin. Pinnola A, Cazzaniga S, Alboresi A, Nevo R, Levin-Zaidman S, Reich Z, Bassi R. Plant Cell. Photosynth Res. Cytochrome b 6 f receives electrons from plastoquinone and delivers them to plastocyanin. 2015 Nov;27(11):3213-27. doi: 10.1105/tpc.15.00443. Biochemistry 2004 , 43 (24) , 7707-7716. Clipboard, Search History, and several other advanced features are temporarily unavailable. The cytochrome b 6 f complex is one of three hetero-oligomeric intramembrane protein complexes in the electron transport pathway of oxygenic photosynthesis in plants, algae, and cyanobacteria that can be separated and purified from the respective membrane source. DataMed is a prototype biomedical data search engine. Inhibition of Cyanobacterial Growth on a Municipal Wastewater Sidestream Is Impacted by Temperature. Monogalactosyldiacylglycerol (MGDG) is the most abundant lipid component of the thylakoid membrane. Myxothiazol binds nearer to cytochrome bL (hence termed a "proximal" inhibitor). doi: 10.1128/mSphere.00538-17. * Giovanni Finazzi ‡**, Francesca Zito§, Romina Paola Barbagallo and Francis-André Wollman ¶. Modulating energy arriving at photochemical reaction centers: orange carotenoid protein-related photoprotection and state transitions. Contrasted effects of inhibitors of cytochrome b6f complex on state transitions in Chlamydomonas reinhardtii: the role of Qo site occupancy in LHCII kinase activation J Biol Chem . Korosh TC, Dutcher A, Pfleger BF, McMahon KD. Other inhibitors of cytochrome c oxidase will not be discussed here, but are important biologically, such as sulfide, formate, and nitric oxide. de Vitry C, Ouyang Y, Finazzi G, Wollman FA, Kallas T. J Biol Chem. The central role of the green alga Chlamydomonas reinhardtii in revealing the mechanism of state transitions. 2005 Jan;56(411):383-8. doi: 10.1093/jxb/erh230. The inhibitor DBMIB provides insight into the functional architecture of the Qo site in the cytochrome b6f complex. Epub 2017 Aug 16. Photosynth Res. Contrasted effects of inhibitors of cytochrome b6f complex on state transitions in Chlamydomonas reinhardtii: The role of Q o site occupancy in … In some cases, this inhibition of how substances are broken down in the body can lead to dangerous adverse effects. Epub 2005 Jan 4. NLM Epub 2015 Oct 27. Contrasted effects of inhibitors of cytochrome b6f complex on State Transitions in C. reinhardtii: the role of Qo site occupancy in LHCII -kinase activation. Three unique prosthetic groups are found in cytochrome b 6 f: chlorophyll a, β-carotene, and heme c n (also known as heme x). DOI: 10.1021/bi049521f. The inhibitor DBMIB provides insight into the functional architecture of the Qo site in the cytochrome b6f complex. Stigmatellin binds farther from heme bL and nearer the Rieske Iron sulfur protein, with which it strongly interacts. Cytochrome Important Links: An excellent review of the Respiratory Chain. Its goal is to discover data sets across data repositories or data aggregators. National Center for Biotechnology Information, Unable to load your collection due to an error, Unable to load your delegates due to an error. Although this class has more than 50 enzymes, six of them metabolize 90 percent of drugs, with the two most significant enzymes being CYP3A4 and CYP2D6. J Bioenerg Biomembr. Ferredoxin-plastoquinone reductase (FQR) activity during cyclic electron flow (CEF) was first ascribed to the cytochrome b 6 f complex ( b 6 f ). Biochemistry. The analysis of fluorescence induction at room temperature indicates that stigmatellin consistently prevented transition to State 2, whereas 2,5-dibromo-3-methyl-6-isopropyl-p-benzoquinone behaved as an inhibitor of state transitions only after the cells were preilluminated. sulla Biologia Cellulare e Molecolare delle Piante, Zito F, Finazzi G, Delosme R, Nitschke W, Picot D, Wollman FA.  |  mSphere. Would you like email updates of new search results? The Cytochrome bc (1) Complex and its Homologue the b (6) f Complex: Similarities and Differences. The cytochrome b6f complex is an enzyme found in the thylakoid membrane in chloroplasts of plants, cyanobacteria, and green algae, that catalyzes the transfer of electrons from plastoquinol to plastocyanin. Author information: (1)Institute of Biological Chemistry, Washington State University, 289 Clark Hall, Pullman, Washington 99164-6340, USA.  |  Epub 2004 Aug 16. Photosynth Res. NIH  |  USA.gov. The RCSB PDB also provides a variety of tools and resources. This high-affinity site resides in a p -side interfacial niche bounded by cytochrome f , subunit IV, and cytochrome b 6, is close (8 Å) to the p -side heme b , but distant (19 Å) from the [2Fe-2S] cluster. The Inhibitor DBMIB Provides Insight into the Functional Architecture of the Qo Site in the Cytochrome b6f Complex†. Roberts AG(1), Bowman MK, Kramer DM. This work demonstrates that cyanobacteria can be used as effective models to investigate structure-function relationships in the cytochrome bf complex. The cytochrome bc complexes b6f and bc1 catalyze proton-coupled quinol/quinone redox reactions to generate a transmembrane proton electrochemical gradient. The chloroplast Rieske iron-sulfur protein. Cytochrome P450 enzymes can be inhibited or induced by drugs, resulting in clinically significant drug-d… PCC 7002, a key residue for quinone-reductase site function and turnover of the cytochrome bf complex. 2005 Mar 18;280(11):10395-402. doi: 10.1074/jbc.M410948200. Monogalactosyldiacylglycerol deficiency in tobacco inhibits the cytochrome b6f-mediated intersystem electron transport process and affects the photostability of the photosystem II apparatus. The inter-monomer space within the core of the cytochrome b6f complex dimer is occupied by lipids, which provides directionality to heme-heme electron transfer through modulation of the intra-protein dielectric environment. This site needs JavaScript to work properly. As a member of the wwPDB, the RCSB PDB curates and annotates PDB data according to agreed upon standards. Epub 2014 Aug 20. Would you like email updates of new search results? Epub 2010 Jul 25. 2004;79(1):25-44. doi: 10.1023/B:PRES.0000011926.47778.4e. Cytochrome bf and mitochondrial-type cytochrome bc(1) complexes are closely related in structure and function but exhibit quite different inhibitor specificities. 1999 Jun 1;18(11):2961-9. doi: 10.1093/emboj/18.11.2961. The cytochrome bf complex, which links electron transfer from photosystem II to photosystem I in oxygenic photosynthesis, has not been amenable to site-directed mutagenesis in cyanobacteria. National Center for Biotechnology Information, Unable to load your collection due to an error, Unable to load your delegates due to an error. Ascorbate-mediated LHCII protein phosphorylation--LHCII kinase regulation in light and in darkness. Assessment of the potential of a compound to inhibit a specific cytochrome P450 enzyme is important as co-administration of compounds may result in one or both inhibiting the other’s metabolism. These molecules are visualized, downloaded, and analyzed by users who range from students to specialized scientists. AA presumably fails to ligate with haem b h, at variance with cytochrome bc 1 complex, owing to a specific Qi-site occupation in b 6 f . The Qo site of cytochrome b6f complexes controls the activation of the LHCII kinase. Quinol oxidation on the electrochemically positive (p) interface of the complex occurs at the end of a narrow quinol/quinone entry/exit Qp portal, 11 Å long in bc complexes. USA.gov. Structure–Function of the Cytochrome b ... quinone analogue inhibitors, presently does not extend beyond the resolution of 3.0 A˚ (16) and 3.1 A˚ (27), respectively, obtained for native and inhibitor complexes from M. laminosus, and for the complex from C. reinhardtii with This site is peripheral to the quinone binding space defined by the binding sites of other p -side inhibitors previously resolved in cytochrome bc 1/ b 6 f complexes. Single amino acid substitutions in cytochrome b (6) at the positions D148, A154, and S159 revealed altered binding of the quinol-oxidation inhibitors 2,5-dibromo-3-methyl-6-isopropyl-p-benzoquinone (DBMIB), myxothiazol, and stigmatellin. Dumas L, Zito F, Blangy S, Auroy P, Johnson X, Peltier G, Alric J. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. Epub 2019 Mar 8. Users can perform simple and advanced searches based on annotations relating to sequence, structure and function.  |  Cytochrome P450 enzymes are essential for the metabolism of many medications. Cytochrome P450 (CYP) are a family of enzymes which play a major role in the metabolism of drugs. Using the cyanobacterium Synechococcus sp. One molecule of chlorophyll a was found to associate per cytochrome b 6 f monomer and the structural or functional importance of this is discussed. Cytochrome C Oxidase. The same effects were observed on the phosphorylation patterns of the LHCII proteins, while subunit V of the cytochrome b(6)f complex showed a different behavior. To this aim, fluorescence emission and LHCII phosphorylation patterns were studied in whole cells of Chlamydomonas reinhardtii treated with different plastoquinone analogues. During photosynthesis, the cytochrome b6f complex is one step along the … The transfer of electrons is coupled to the transport of PROTONS across the membrane. J Exp Bot. Cytochrome P450 Inducers. Cytochrome P450 inducers reduce the concentration of drugs metabolised by the cytochrome P450 system. Epub 2005 Dec 21. 2008 Nov-Dec;84(6):1349-58. doi: 10.1111/j.1751-1097.2008.00444.x. However, this was later dismissed since b 6 f inhibition by antimycin-A (AA) could not be reproduced. These findings are discussed on the basis of a dynamic structural model of cytochrome b(6)f that relates the activation of the LHCII kinase to the occupancy of the Q(o) site and the movement of the Rieske protein. In this study, nine chemical inhibitors were selected based on literature data and were examined for their specificity toward cytochrome P450-mediated reactions in human liver microsomes. HHS Epub 2017 Oct 24. 2003 May 20;42(19):5828-36. doi: 10.1021/bi0343119. 2017 Nov 7;114(45):12063-12068. doi: 10.1073/pnas.1713343114. The reaction is analogous to the reaction catalyzed by cytochrome bc1 of the mitochondrial electron transport chain. 2004 ; 79 ( 1 ):25-44. doi: 10.1073/pnas.0504909102 E, Zhang H, Hasan SS, Cramer.. Protein, with which it strongly interacts ):69-74. doi: 10.1074/jbc.M410948200 isoforms... In some cases, this was later dismissed since b 6 f electrons. 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